Names for live pterosaurs

What would you call an extant (living) pterosaur? Name it what you will, but it probably will depend on where you are from. If you live around Manus Island in northern Papua New Guinea, you would call it “kor.” Further to the south on Umboi Island, call it “ropen.” Other names in Papua New Guinea include “indava,” “duwas,” and “seklo-bali.”

What if you live in the United States? Some eyewitnesses of living pterosaurs would rather forget what they saw, for they fear the obvious name: “pterodactyl.” One eyewitness in the Anza Borrego Desert in Southern California was troubled by the word his friend used for what they observed soaring in the distance  (“pterodactyl”). He said something like, “it has to be a kite or something” (from the nonfiction book Live Pterosaurs in America). So why did that man choose to leave the area before nightfall? If there ever were such a thing, kite flying in that remote desert has long ago become extinct. His friend has no doubt: They saw the real thing.

You don’t need to be crazy to see a living pterosaur, regardless of what you call it. Brian Hennessy, a psychologist from Australia who has lived in China for years, used the word “prehistoric” for a flying creature seen by an eyewitness on Bougainville Island, New Guinea, many years ago. The eyewitness did not go to Hennessy for counseling; Hennessy himself is the eyewitness. The point? You don’t have to be crazy to see a living pterosaur. A psychologist is the least likely person to unknowingly hallucinate anything and Hennessy was not alone when the large “prehistoric” creature flew overhead.

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cryptozoology book about reports of living pterosaurs in the United States

Living pterosaurs have been reported in the United States. This nonfiction cryptozoology book may appear shocking, but it logically explains why these wonderful flying creatures have seemed to have remained hidden in North America for so many years. The eyewitness testimonies have been analyzed individually and collectively. The result? Astonishing! Read the many eyewitness sighting reports; buy the nonfiction book Live Pterosaurs in America, on Amazon or elsewhere. What’s more, please consider: Your purchase of this cryptozoology book shall help support future research. Yes! You can enjoy the satisfaction that you have contributed to further *investigations, by your purchase, while you learn about these wonderful living creatures.

In addition, the book explains the cultural challenges faced by the American eyewitnesses. Read the words of these ordinary persons living in California, New Mexico, Texas, Florida, Ohio, Kansas, Michigan, and many other states.

One reader said, “I found this book very interesting. . . . The problem with science is that we think we know it all and that is far from reality. This book shows courage to continue the search. If you have an interest in cryptozoology you should read this.” (Dale Reeder, Pennsylvania)

The first edition was a number-one best-selling book, by far, on Amazon.com for nonfiction books about living pterosaurs. (late 2009 through mid-2010, compared with Searching for Ropens, Dinosaurs Dead or Alive, and Big Bird.) Find out why it is more popular; read it yourself.

(* No nonprofit organization is involved regarding book revenues; but it is predicted that book sales will continue to encourage research and investigations, as it has in the past.)

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Nocturnal Pterosaurs

When Susan Wooten’s sighting in South Carolina began receiving more attention, one critic proclaimed that a large modern pterosaur would be impossible so near the Atlantic coast of the United States, for thousands of beach-goers would have seen it. That critics seems to assume that any large pterosaur living in South Carolina would have shown up at the beach in daylight, causing news headlines; since he did not see any relevant news report, then no large pterosaur could live there.

How rarely critics consider the whole picture! The overall reports of living pterosaurs around the world suggest these creatures are mostly nocturnal. It’s not just the rarity of daylight sightings. Specific flight behavior at night suggests they are nocturnal.

Then why should they ever appear in daylight? Consider two dramatic daylight sightings in Papua New Guinea, where the nocturnal ropen is believed to fly with a bioluminescent glow at night. Both cases involve a large or giant “prehistoric” creature, with no sign of feathers, flying at low altitude. Both may have been Rhamphorhynchoid pterosaurs, awakened from sleep in daylight and frightened into flying away from potential danger.

In 1971, in daylight, on Bougainville Island, Brian Hennessy saw something he will never forget. In his own words, “. . . our truck had stopped on our downward journey from the top of the range to the coast way below. . . . I can’t remember why our vehicle had stopped. Maybe we had to wait for another vehicle to pass us. . . . I saw a very unusual creature. Firstly, it was very big . . . a longish narrow tail . . .”

I asked Mr. Hennessy, “Was anything coming out the back of the head . . . a crest,  appendage, horn, or comb?” He replied, “It was like a horn.”

The two vehicles may have startled the creature from sleep. Many years earlier and many miles to the west was another sighting.

In 1944, in daylight, west of Finnschafen (mainland New Guinea), Duane Hodgkinson saw something he will never forget. At the edge of a clearing, he and his army buddy were gazing at some large ants, bigger than any ants in Ohio. Some animal, at first unseen, came running through the grass. Something then flew up from the far side of the clearing, apparently startled by the running animal. Hodgkinson soon realized that it was not a bird, for it was too big and it had a long appendage coming out the back of the head. He then concluded that it was a “pterodactyl.” At about the time it flew away, a wild pig came running past.

I am convinced that both Hennessy and Hodgkinson saw Rhamphorhynchoid pterosaurs (on Umboi Island, the animal is called “ropen“). The 1944 sighting seems to have involved a large ropen awakened from sleep by a wild pig.

But the ropen is rarely seen in daylight, by Umboi natives. It is said to catch its food at night, on reefs that surround the island. Its described behavior resembles that of the kor, which islanders to the north say catches fish at night. Deep in the mainland of Papua New Guinea a large flying creature is said to fly at night: the indava. These three native names may refer to the same type of animal, for all accounts include a glow that flies at night. Of course intrinsic bioluminescence would not make it impossible for a creature to come out in daylight; it only makes a daylight appearance rare.

See also Pterosaur in South Carolina and also Hennessy Pterosaur

Consider reading more about nocturnal pterosaurs: Cliff Paiva report