Who is a Scientist?

Whitcomb at a ropen sighting location in California

Jonathan Whitcomb at a sighting location where he installed a deer camera

I have written one scientific paper in a peer-reviewed journal of science. Yes, only one. Most of those honored with the title scientist have written many scientific papers, and those men and women generally have advanced educational degrees. I have no advanced degree in science, yes none. With all that said, however, beware of over-simplistic thinking.

With limited obvious credentials, why do I suggest I am an expert in my specialty, a field most persons would assume is a branch of science? My associates and I are experts in a narrow branch of cryptozoology, namely in sighting reports of modern pterosaurs, and cryptozoology is not considered a branch of zoology. Yet there’s much more.

I have probably spent more hours on this subject than any other person on the planet, over 10,000 hours over the past eleven years. That in itself does not make me a scientist, of course, but that much time can sometimes open the door leading into scientific investigation, and this is the critical question: Have I, Jonathan Whitcomb, stepped through that door?

This is hardly my favorite subject, why I am a scientist. Why do I write about it now? An acclaimed paleontologist recently wrote a post, mostly about me. I will not mention his name here, but he has written more than 30 books and more than 250 scientific papers, according to Wikipedia. That led another writer to also write about me and assume that I am not a scientist. That second post is why I write about how I, Jonathan Whitcomb, can indeed be a scientist.

It was the second writer, who does not appear to be a scientist herself, who wrote, “Whitcomb, who is not a scientist by any stretch,” but let’s confine ourselves to the first post, written by the man who is an undisputed scientist.

It could have been a prized recommendation for my eleven years of work in my field, if only he had said something positive about me; but no, this particular scientist ridiculed my work, concentrating on accusing me of writing dishonestly and inappropriately. He provides no proof of my supposedly shameful motivations, but his sources, in my opinion, are just libelous web pages that also ridicule me as dishonest and underhanded.

If only this particular paleontologist had devoted himself to scientific reasoning, rather than assume I was deceitful and then ridicule my religious beliefs! Unfortunately he avoided anything scientific in his post. Yes, this acclaimed scientist, in that post, said nothing scientific.

I may be more of an investigative reporter than a scientist and certainly more like a journalist than a jurist who judges the honesty of someone on trial. I do not accuse my accusers of dishonesty. But the subject now is science; please consider the following.

I have analyzed statistics from 128 sighting reports, accumulated and recorded systematically at the end of 2012. My analysis revealed three separate factors that each demonstrated it was unlikely that any significant number of hoaxers could have been involved in those 128 eyewitness accounts.

I could say more, but I now submit that this particular part of my work was scientific, using mathematics to gain knowledge about one of the major objections that skeptics had brought up about reported sightings of living pterosaurs. The old hoax-conjecture has been disproven.

I hope that I have never used bulverism, as one paleontologist has done, in ridiculing someone with whom I disagree. I suggest that each of us participate in discussing the issues themselves rather than accusing others of deceit or making fun of other’s religious beliefs. Why should a scientist abandon scientific discussion in diving into dirty politics?


Richard Syrett interviewed Jonathan Whitcomb for Canadian television showJonathan Whitcomb interviewed by Richard Syrett in 2012



Is Jonathan Whitcomb a Paleontologist?

I’ve received emails from eyewitnesses from four continents plus islands in the Pacific, emails about flying creatures that resemble “primitive” or “prehistoric” animals more than any bird or bat. On occasion I am able to talk with an eyewitness by phone or by face-to-face interview. One critical point here, unappreciated by some paleontologists, is that those eyewitnesses come from various countries and have different backgrounds and beliefs, including differing religious beliefs.

“Stupid Dinosaur Lies” or the Truth?

Let me make this plain: I am not accusing the originator of Stupid Dinosaur Lies of deception. I am defending the honesty of me and my associates. That ludicrous sentence with five errors does suggest the writer was more likely to have been careless than dishonest. But the accusations, direct or indirect, are against those of us who have traveled to Papua New Guinea to search for living pterosaurs and those who later reported what was found in eyewitness testimonies.

Modern Pterosaurs and Biology Professors

One of the web pages that caught this professor’s attention was my post “Bioluminescent Pterosaurs in Southwest Washington State.” We need to be clear about the differences between two professors, for Peter Beach has also taught biology but he has no doubt that modern pterosaurs live in the state of Washington and elsewhere.

Long Review of book by Whitcomb

Anyway, do these things really still fly? I want to believe in big flying dinosaurs roaming the skies, but experience and common sense argue against it. So far I have never been chased by one as I wander through town. . . .

I spotted a book “Live Pterosaurs in America” by Jonathan David Whitcomb, a nonfiction analysis of actual sightings in the USA.  This I had to own, so I immediately ordered it from Amazon, and a few days later it was mine! And you know what — I’m glad I bought it, and have enjoyed reading it.

Definition of who is a scientist

A scientist, in a broad sense, is one engaging in a systematic activity to acquire knowledge. In a more restricted sense, a scientist may refer to an individual who uses the scientific method.


Is Jonathan Whitcomb a Paleontologist?

I have never suggested that I, Jonathan Whitcomb, am a paleontologist, although I know more about pterosaur fossils than the average person on the street. I am an expert on reports of apparent living pterosaurs, commonly called pterodactyls by the eyewitnesses. In other words, I am a cryptozoologist.

I often use the word “apparent” when referring to a particular sighting, for I am a scientist, and I recognize the limitations in using an individual eyewitness report. I’ve analyzed, using simple mathematics, a number of characteristics in the overall sightings, and have disproved hoax conjectures. Several factors have independently counted against the possibility that any hoaxes have played any significant role in the sighting reports, and the combination of those points has eliminated that possibility.

I’ve received emails from eyewitnesses from five continents plus islands in the Pacific, emails about flying creatures that resemble “primitive” or “prehistoric” animals more than any bird or bat. On occasion I am able to talk with an eyewitness by phone or by face-to-face interview. One critical point here, unappreciated by some paleontologists, is that those eyewitnesses come from various countries and have different backgrounds and beliefs, including differing religious beliefs. Why is that critical? Significant similarities in the descriptions include featherless appearances, a cone-like appendage at the back of the head, and a long tail that ends in a structure suggesting a Rhamphorhynchoid tail flange (sometimes described with a “diamond”shape at tail-end on the living flying creature observed) and some paleontologists have dismissed reports of living pterosaurs by referring to the religious beliefs of those involved or have simplistically rejected overall sightings as misidentification of birds or bats.

What about the fossil experts, in particular those paleontologists who ridicule the possibility of modern pterosaurs? They know about individual creatures that have died, those few rare individuals that left evidence of their existence in fossils. That’s what paleontology is about. So how much do those few critics know about eyewitness reports? Very little, it seems. Some like to generalize and imagine misidentification of common birds and bats; rare is the paleontologist who even acknowledges a particular sighting, a real encounter with some flying creature.

Jonathan Whitcomb in a mini-documentaryJonathan David Whitcomb, cryptozoologist

Expeditions in Papua New Guinea

One paleontologist has visited Papua New Guinea once, to my knowledge, on an expedition supposedly for discovering a modern pterosaur. That was the television-show expedition production of Monsterquest, the episode showing several westerners, and many natives, on the island of New Britain. Consider what is written in the nonfiction book Searching for Ropens and Finding God (fourth edition, by Whitcomb) regarding that paleontologist:

Consider the words of a paleontologist who participated in an expedition for Monsterquest. He explained his opinion, why a pterosaur is not likely still living: “It flies; they would have been seen by lots of people.” Well, if only 1% of the encounters gave some kind of impression of a pterosaur or dragon appearance, that’s 70,000 persons: “lots of people” indeed, in my opinion.

I extol the participation of my friend and associate Garth Guessman, in his part in the Monsterquest expedition; he believes in the reality of living pterosaurs in Papua New Guinea and elsewhere, as I do. But that paleontologist hardly seems like an ideal person to take on a search for an extant pterosaur.

Here are some of the Americans who have sincerely searched for the ropen (apparent long-tailed pterosaur) in Papua New Guinea:

  • Garth Guessman
  • David Woetzel
  • Jonathan Whitcomb
  • Paul Nation
  • Nathanael Nation
  • Carl Baugh

Woetzel and Guessman met many natives on Umboi IslandTwo associates of Whitcomb: David Woetzel (left) and Garth Guessman (bottom), on Umboi Island, Papua New Guinea, 2004, a few weeks after Whitcomb’s expedition

More about paleontologists

Consider the following from Searching for Ropens and Finding God:

. . . but paleontologists, those thought to be the greatest experts on pterosaur fossils—they consider it almost impossible for one of those species to be alive, and the key point is “almost.” I have learned that critical detail from communicating with a few paleontologists and from reading what a few of them think about reports of modern pterosaurs.

I have also seen the results of a survey of biology professors from some of the largest universities in the western United States. Of the few that responded to the questionnaire, the probability of a species of living pterosaur was put at 0% to 5%, with an average of 1.5%. Half of those professors who responded believed it was very unlikely but possible.

In other words, not all paleontologists and biology professors are completely convinced that all species of pterosaurs must have become extinct. That is far from what some critics and skeptics have said in deriding the work of those of us who still hope for a wonderful scientific discovery. Please keep up your hope in a discovery, for we keep looking and we keep interviewing eyewitnesses.

About Jonathan Whitcomb

Over a period of fourteen years, I have spent over 10,000 hours in researching, interviewing, writing, and searching in relation to the narrow field of cryptozoology that we call “living pterosaurs.” In itself, that time does not prove anything about my objectiveness. It does suggest, however, that I may have acquired knowledge that is worth looking into, for any cryptozoology who wants to learn what my associates and I have discovered, over many years, from eyewitness accounts.

I have written, as of late 2017, only one paper (on the subject of modern pterosaurs) that was published in a peer-reviewed journal of science, yet I have been involved in commenting on two other scientific papers on that subject. By the way, all three of those were positive about the possibility that not all species of pterosaurs are extinct. I have also written a scientific paper on my findings regarding the general theory of evolution: “An Evolutionary Boundary.”

As of the end of 2017, I have published four books about living pterosaurs, in a total of nine editions. I have also published over a thousand web pages, including news releases and blog posts, on this subject.

I have also been interviewed for two television shows and a number of radio talk shows and podcasts, for a number of countries, including the United States. In addition, I was consulted by both Destination Truth and Monsterquest (TV adventure shows) before their expeditions in Papua New Guinea, in relation to searching for flying creatures that my associates and I believe are extant pterosaurs.




Expert in modern “pterodactyl”

The title is “Jonathan Whitcomb: Pterodactyl Expert,” although the one that appears guilty of libel spells it . . . I don’t mean to imply that everything on this forum thread is without merit. But all commentators except the one initiating the discussion appear to me to practice bulverism rather than comment on any specific sentence that I have written.

Whitcomb, Woetzel, Guessman, and Nation in PNG

Does a live pterodactyl fly over villages of some  southwest Pacific islands? Many testimonies  suggest nocturnal long-tailed creatures (called  “Rhamphorhynchoids” by some) having names  like “ropen” and “duwas” (Don’t confuse with  “duah,” a Western mistake), live in coastal areas  of the mainland of Papua New Guinea, as well  as on the islands of Umboi and Manus.

Jonathan Whitcomb interviewed on Monster-X Radio

I was delighted with the two hour interview I had with the two hosts of the Monster X Radio online broadcast: “Johnny Bigfoot” and Shane Corson. We did not get into any details about the Marfa Lights of Texas, but we did discuss the bioluminescent-pterosaur concept, and Susan Wooten mentioned her experiences watching the Bingham Lights of South Carolina.

Books by Jonathan D. Whitcomb

Live Pterosaurs in America and also Searching for Ropens and Finding God


4th edition, front cover: Searching for Ropens and Finding God

Nonfiction cryptozoology/inspirational book

Ropen book in its fourth edition


Life, not extinction, is what fossils mostly reveal

The paleontologist Darren Naish commented on the blog posting “Fossils are evidence of life, not extinction.” He supports the standard models that include universal extinctions of general types of organisms, namely pterosaurs. His lengthy web page “Pterosaurs alive in, like, the modern day!” bebunks many questionable older reports, and I believe some of his opinions have merit; in particular, the 1856 Illustrated London News article seems to have no suppport (verification from eyewitnesses) of which I am aware, so I believe Naish is correct in dismissing that newspaper account. But critical eyewitness sightings are absent from his blog post, and to those who have closely followed living-pterosaur investigations this neglect is obvious.

Let’s consider here only his statement “If a group of organisms are absent from the fossil record for tens of millions of years, and if there is no evidence indicating their survival across or beyond that time, they should be assumed to be extinct.” Let’s look at the condition he mentions: “if . . . no evidence indicating their survival.” Circular reasoning is involved here, but it is not very simple, so consider the following in its entirety.

Like other paleontologists, Naish follows the standard assumption of extinction of general types that include pterosaurs. He, like others of whom I am aware, has reacted against living-pterosaur investigations and publications with dogmatic adherence to the extinction assumption. Like Glen Kuban (another paleontologist), he has written at length about questionable sighting reports of apparent-or-presumed pterosaurs, doing so with obvious intent to discourage hope that any of those species may be still living. The circular reasoning comes about by double-assumptions: universal extinctions of all pterosaur species plus universal unreliability of eyewitness reports of living pterosaurs. Here is the first part of the circular reasoning:

Pterosaurs are extinct because no human has seen one <-> A report that a human has seen one must be wrong, for they are extinct.

I realize that Naish and Kuban might object to the simplistic nature of the first half of that first part, so let’s consider the second part of the circular reasoning.

Before proceeding, remember the origin of the assumption of pterosaur extinction. The first fossils were puzzling to the discoverers and to biologists of the time. None of them seemed to have any experience with living creatures like those that left pterosaur fossils. Their lack of knowledge of living creatures with similar shapes caused them to conclude that those fossils represented extinct creatures. During the ninteenth century, more researchers began examining pterosaur fossils; none of those researchers, apparently, had any experience with any living organism that had much resemblance to those fossils. By the end of that century, the idea of extinction of all species of pterosaurs had become entrenched in biology teachings. Remember the point: Extinction was assumed because of a lack of eyewitness sightings known to those early discoverers and researchers of fossils.

Standard twentieth-century dating of strata with pterosaur fossils is based on that assumption of previous centuries, the extinction-assumption that was established and entrenched for over a century. This brings up the second part of circular reasoning:

A stratum is ancient because it contains a pterosaur fossil <-> Pterosaur fossils are ancient because they are found in ancient strata.

I realize that Naish and Kuban might object to the simplistic nature of the first half of the above circularity, so let’s consider how a newly discovered pterosaur fossil would be dated today, based upon standard procedures accepted by Naish and Kuban. Imagine we dig up a hillside with those two paleontologists. We discover a pterosaur fossil. There are two possibilities: That strata was already dated or it has not yet been dated. If it has not yet been dated, it will be assessed by standard paleontologists at an ancient age because of what we just found. What if it has already be dated? Standard procedure (the assumption of pterosaur extinctions) will cause strata dated as young to be reassessed as ancient. Therefore any recently-fossilized pterosaur will be incorrectly-dated as ancient.

The apparent strength of the universal-extinction-of-pterosaurs idea comes from large numbers of supporters of the assumption. It comes not from logic or reason or objective scientific inquiry.